Literature Review on Migrant Education

Children of migrant farmworkers are impacted by a mobile lifestyle that creates discontinuity of schooling, social and cultural isolation, extreme poverty, and poor health. Many migrant children also need supports to assist them with becoming proficient in English to succeed in school. They have unique needs that differ from those of the general school population in the US, often lacking school readiness skills, starting school at an older age than non-migrant students, never having been enrolled in school previously, or having attended only a few years of elementary school (Chavkin & González, 2000). These factors are compounded by issues of social isolation, the need for knowledge about how to access community resources and post-secondary education, and the need for creative ways to involve their parents who work long hours to support the family.

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This document was prepared for the Office of Migrant Education of the US Department of Education as a Year 1 deliverable (Task 2 – Draft Literature Review) pursuant to the RESULTS Contract # ED-ESE-10-C-0084. The contents do not necessarily represent the views, opinions, or any endorsement of the US Department of Education.