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New Directors' Orientation Tutorial

The New Directors' Orientation Tutorial is made up of 14 self-paced modules to assist in learning basic program requirements. Each module is designed to be utilized based on a Director’s specific needs; there is not a set sequence for the tutorial to be completed. We encourage Directors to jump to the module that best fits their needs. Select a module below to view or download the corresponding materials.

Module 11 Icon

11. Federal Monitoring of the State Migrant Education Program

Section 1: Getting Started

Getting Started
In This Section
Tutorial Objectives
How to Use the Tutorial
Icons to Guide You
Key Readings and Resources
3
Tutorial Objectives
Module 11 will enable new state directors to
1. Understand the purpose of federal monitoring,
2. Become familiar with the monitoring process,
3. Prepare for federal monitoring,
4. Respond to findings,
5. Ensure ongoing compliance, and
6. Develop an action plan to avoid findings.
4
How to Use the Tutorial
For optimal benefit from the tutorial, you should
Allow sufficient time to read the slides, reflect on the information, and
complete all activities on the slides or on the Quick Resource and
Reflection Sheets (QRRS) that can be downloaded as worksheets;
Read each slide as well as the information referenced in the slides;
Engage with the “What Do You Think?” slides to facilitate interaction
with the information (Answers will be provided directly following each
of these slides.);
5
How to Use the Tutorial
For optimal benefit from the tutorial, you should (continued)
Pause to reflect on your state program at the “Check-in” slides
(A QRRS document will typically accompany these.);
Complete the “Pop Quiz!” slides to reinforce key concepts;
Review your state’s Migrant Education Program (MEP) documents and
reports as directed;
Develop an action plan using the worksheets provided;
Add actionable items to your MEP planning calendar (See QRRS 14.2.);
and
Contact your OME Program Officer for follow-up questions.
6
Icons to Guide You
The following icons will guide you in making the best use of this tutorial:
What Do You Think?
Check-in
Pop Quiz!
Quick Reference and Reflection Sheet (QRRS)
Action Planning
Calendar Item
7
Key Readings and Resources
You should have these documents readily available while completing
the module, as the module will refer to these documents for more
complete information on various topics.
MEP Guidance on the Education of Migratory Children under Title I,
Part C of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965
Your states most recent Title I, Part C federal monitoring report for the
state MEP and any subsequent responses
8

Section 2: Purpose of Federal Monitoring

Purpose of Federal
Monitoring
In This Section
Purposes of the U.S. Department
of Education’s Monitoring of State
Migrant Education Programs
(MEPs)
9
Purposes of ED Monitoring of State MEPs
Monitoring of MEP grantees allows ED to:
1. Understand the state context within which each MEP operates;
2. Examine the results achieved by the MEP, particularly with regard
to:
o The U.S. Department of Education’s Strategic Plan,
o Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA) indicators, and
o The state’s performance targets/ Annual Measurable Outcomes
(AMOs) with regard to migrant students;
3. Examine the implementation of the MEP with a focus on assessing
program quality and identifying areas where improvements can be
made;
10
Purposes of ED Monitoring of State MEPs
4. Document the state’s compliance with applicable statutes and
regulations;
5. Examine the state’s resolution of prior findings from
audits/monitoring reviews;
6. Identify exemplary practices that can be used as a model for
others; and
7. Determine where the state could benefit from federal technical
assistance.
11
Pop Quiz!
List four reasons why ED/Office of Migrant Education (OME) conducts
monitoring of state MEPs:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Review the previous three slides to see if you remembered correctly.
12
What Do You Think?
Win-Win-Win
Instructions: Think of three ways ED/OME, the state MEP, and migrant
children can benefit from Federal monitoring.
13
WIN WIN WIN
ED/OME State MEP Migrant Children
1.
2.
3.
1.
2.
3.
1.
2.
3.
What Do You Think? Reflection
Did some of your responses match those in the table below?
14
WIN WIN WIN
ED/OME State MEP Migrant Children
1.
Creates greater
understanding of how
the MEP is implemented
in states
2.
Identifies areas in
which
ED can provide
technical
assistance
3.
Helps ensure that MEPs
are being implemented
as required
1.
Clarifies expectations for
program implementation
2.
Identifies areas in which
the state can benefit from
technical assistance or
program improvement
3.
Helps the program to
highlight effective
strategies implemented
by the state for national
recognition and
coordination with other
programs
1.
Receive improved
services
2.
Achieve better outcomes
3.
Benefit from the state’s
compliance with policies
and protections
guaranteed in the law

Section 3: Overview of the Monitoring Process

Overview of the
Monitoring Process
15
In This Section
How ED/OME Monitors State MEPs
Documents state educational
agencies (SEAs) Need to Provide for
the Review
Role of the State Director
How ED/OME Monitors State MEPs
1. Approximately 90 days before federal monitoring, the MEP Officer will
contact the state director to discuss possible dates for monitoring.
2. Approximately 60 days before federal monitoring, OME will send a
letter to:
o The Chief State School Officer (CSSO) to confirm the monitoring dates
and
o The state director to provide the following details for the visit:
§ A list of personnel to be interviewedSEA staff and any non-SEA
staff that work on the MEP,
§ Local sites to be reviewed,
§ Documents the SEA needs to send prior to the review, and
§ State director responsibilities for arranging and coordinating the
review.
16
How ED/OME Monitors State MEPs
3. Approximately 60 days before federal monitoring, the MEP Officer
and state director will begin communicating frequently to discuss the
agenda and clarify expectations.
17
How ED/OME Monitors State MEPs
18
Monitoring Topics
How ED/OME Monitors State MEPs
Monitoring Topics
I. State Context
State Demographics
Migrant Populations
GRPA Indicators
Education Improvement Agenda
II. Overall Program Design
MEP Goals
Organizational Structure and Staffing
19
How ED/OME Monitors State MEPs
Monitoring Topics (continued)
III. Program Operations
Identification and Recruitment (ID&R)
Provision of Services
Fiscal Management
IV. Program Results
V. Prior Findings
20
See QRRS 11.1 Onsite Monitoring Instrument: State Level
How ED/OME Monitors State MEPs
On-site Review
The on-site review is usually a comprehensive examination of several
topic areas.
Typically, the states assigned MEP Officer and a team of one to five
OME staff members will participate in the review.
21
How ED/OME Monitors State MEPs
Individuals typically requested for interview at the State level include:
MEP State director,
SEA staff who work with the MEP, including those who work with
migrant student records and/or the state’s student database,
State evaluation coordinator,
Fiscal/budget office staff, and
Members of the State Migrant Parent Advisory Council (PAC).
22
How ED/OME Monitors State MEPs
OME will select local sites for the on-site review based on the following
criteria:
Geographic proximity;
Size -
o Sites with a large number of migrant children or sites that receive
a large portion of funds are more likely to be selected;
Random selection after sites that are too remote or too small are
eliminated -
o Some local sites may be selected even if they were visited during a
prior monitoring visit if, for example, they are very large sites or if
the sites had challenges;
23
How ED/OME Monitors State MEPs
OME will select local sites for the on-site review based on the following
criteria (continued):
Implementation difficulties -
o Sites with significant audit or site visit findings, complaints;
Promising program models;
Distinctive characteristics (e.g., rapidly changing demographics, model
partnerships);
Length of time since last visit; and
Varied programs (schoolwide and targeted assistance, elementary and
secondary, extended day, summer programs).
24
How ED/OME Monitors State MEPs
Possible interviewees at local sites include:
LOA administrators;
Migrant coordinator and program staff;
Federal programs staff;
School principal, teachers, aides, home-school liaisons, health staff,
migrant counselors;
ID&R staff;
Migrant parents and students;
Data entry specialists and staff working with the exchange of student
records; and
Staff from local agencies that coordinate with the MEP.
25
How ED/OME Monitors State MEPs
Desk Monitoring (via telephone and/or webinar):
A desk or targeted review is usually based on a risk assessment,
outstanding findings, and/or unresolved audit findings.
Remote interviews may include the following:
o SEA level
§ State director
§ SEA staff who work with the MEP, including those who work with
migrant student records and/or the state’s student database
o LOA level
§ Local migrant program coordinator
§ Local MEP staff
26
Documents SEAs Need to Provide for the
Review
OME will request MEP-related documents and necessary information
from the SEA prior to the on-site or desk monitoring review.
State directors are encouraged to:
o Keep documents on hand (electronic or hard-copy) for easy
access, and
o Determine where to find the most up-to-date information.
See QRRS 11.2 Locating Documents for Review
27
Role of the State Director
1. Planning and coordinating review activities and logistics, including
developing an agenda with the OME review leader;
2. Sharing review expectations, goals, and objectives with appropriate
state and local officials;
3. Serving as liaison between OME and the local project sites selected
for review; and
4. Providing requested documents to OME prior to the review.
28

Section 4: How to Prepare for Federal Monitoring

How to Prepare for
Federal Monitoring
In This Section
Benefits of Monitoring
Organizing the Review
29
Benefits of Monitoring
A positive attitude, and keeping the benefits of monitoring in mind, will
make the experience valuable. Consider:
The shared goals of OME and the state MEP: positive outcomes for
migrant children and youth;
You are not a target, but a partner in the process to improve outcomes
for migrant children and youth;
An external perspective will help you see aspects of the program that
you may have overlooked and that need improvement; and
Federal monitoring can be the leverage you need at the state level to
get buy-in and support to make program improvements.
30
Organizing the Review
Read all correspondence from the OME review coordinator to
determine your responsibilities; contact the coordinator with any
questions.
Develop a detailed agenda for yourself that includes activities, times,
logistics, and people involved to help you attend to all details; develop
a more basic agenda to share with others.
Keep SEA administrators apprised of upcoming monitoring activities
and any roles they are asked to play (share the basic agenda).
Communicate with administrators in LOAs selected for a visit and all
others whom OME will interview (share the basic agenda).
31

Section 5: How to Respond to Findings

How to Respond to
Findings
In This Section
ED/OME Requirements and
Expectations
Plan and Implement Improvements
Ongoing Compliance
32
Post-Monitoring:
ED/OME Requirements and Expectations
1. OME sends a report to the Chief State School Officer (CSSO) that
contains the following:
o A Program Overview,
o Noteworthy Areas,
o Areas of Non-Compliance (“Findings”) and Required Corrective
Actions, and
o Recommendations for Improvement.
2. The SEA must respond to each finding and corrective action and
return the report to OME.
3. The timeline for response will vary according to the number and
nature of the findings. Timelines or due dates will be clearly stated
for each corrective action.
33
Plan and Implement Improvements
The state MEP director communicates how the SEA will implement all
corrective actions required by OME.
Depending on the nature of the finding, some corrective actions may
include:
o Revision of the state ID&R plan,
o Revision of the Service Delivery Plan (SDP),
o Revision of training or guidance provided to subgrantees,
o Development, or utilization of, parental advisory councils (PACs)
34
Ongoing Compliance
The best way for the MEP to avoid findings from a monitoring visit is to
maintain ongoing compliance with the program requirements. The
following strategies will help ensure the SEA is following the law.
1. Be familiar with the law, regulations, and MEP Guidance read
these documents periodically to ensure that you are aware of all
statutory requirements and OME recommended practices.
o Save them on your Desktop or a favorite on your web browser
for easy access.
35
Ongoing Compliance
2. Complete an SEA self-assessment on an annual basis by reviewing the
MEP monitoring instrument, and create an action plan to address any
areas noted for improvement.
o Run the MEP as if it will be monitored every year, and
o Make ongoing program improvements.
36
Check-in
Complete the OME State Director’s Self-Assessment Tool (QRRS 11.3)
to determine:
Which parts of the MEP are in compliance with the law and meet
ED/OME expectations,
Which parts of the program need improvement, and
Program aspects on which you need further information to determine
compliance and meeting expectations (consider how you will find
additional information about the MEP).
37
See QRRS 11.3 State Director’s Self-assessment
Ongoing Compliance
3. Review previous federal monitoring reports for your state MEP and
any subsequent responses.
Questions to Consider:
o Were the findings resolved?
o Do the findings indicate an ongoing weakness in the program that
needs greater focus?
o Do the findings indicate a need for increased program capacity
that may require a restructuring of staff and/or other resources?
o Do the findings indicate a need for clarification or technical
assistance from OME?
38
Ongoing Compliance
4. Be aware of common compliance issues identified by ED/OME
across all states, and ensure your SEA is in compliance in these
areas.
39
What Do You Think?
q State Assessment
q ID&R: Child Eligibility
q ID&R: Child Counts
q Comprehensive State Plan:
q Needs Assessment (CNA)
q Service Delivery Plan (SDP)
q Priority for Services (PFS)
q Evaluation & Improvement: Program
Effectiveness
q Evaluation & Improvement: Program
Improvement
q Continuity of Instruction
q Subgranting Formula
q Program Monitoring
q Unique Administrative Activities
q Parent Advisory Councils (PACs)
40
In the list below, note the top five areas where you think ED/OME has had
the most findings in monitoring state MEPs.
What Do You Think? Reflection
The top five areas of OME monitoring findings are listed below. How
similar is this list to the top five areas you identified?
1. Evaluation & Improvement: Program Effectiveness
2. Comprehensive State Plan: Service Delivery Plan (SDP)
3. Comprehensive State Plan: Needs Assessment (CNA)
4. Evaluation & Improvement: Program Implementation
5. Priority for Services (PFS)
41
See QRRS 11.4 Summary of Common Compliance Findings

Section 6: Wrapping Up

Wrapping Up
42
In This Section
Key Points
Action Planning
Resources
Key Points
1. The purpose of federal monitoring of the state MEP is to help states
improve outcomes for migrant children and youth.
2. The OME state contact will communicate with you on ways to prepare
for the monitoring.
3. You should keep documents current and easily accessible so that
you can provide them expeditiously to OME upon request prior to
federal monitoring.
4. The SEA is required to respond to findings in writing by describing
and providing documentation to support corrective actions.
5. The best way to avoid monitoring findings is to run the MEP as if it
will be monitored every year.
6. An annual review of the monitoring protocol will help you create an
action plan to ensure ongoing compliance.
43
Action Planning
Consider the following questions to ensure that you are prepared for
OME monitoring:
1. What documents do I need to locate and keep on file?
2. With what information sources do I need to become familiar?
3. What findings were in previous monitoring reports? Have these been
adequately addressed?
4. What other areas of common compliance findings do I need to
address?
44.
Action Planning
Consider the following questions to ensure that you are prepared for
OME monitoring (continued):
5. Have I reviewed the State-Level Onsite Monitoring Instrument as a
self-assessment? In what areas is improvement needed?
6. When is my state’s MEP likely to be monitored again?
45
Add any actionable items to your MEP planning calendar.
See QRRS 11.5 Action Planning for Federal Monitoring
Resources for Federal Monitoring
MEP Guidance on Education of Migratory Children under Title I, Part
C, of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965
Explanation of guidelines to implement the laws and regulations
related to the MEP
MEP Officers List of OME contact information
(https://results.ed.gov/about/contact)
Glossary of Terms Alphabetical listing of key terms applicable to
migrant education (see Module 1) (https://results.ed.gov/idr-
manual/section/glossary/glossary)
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